A mistake that is common combining sentences making use of the – ing


Hanging Modifiers

A typical error when combining sentences utilizing the – ing verb form would be to misplace the modifier so that it is certainly not logically linked to the remaining portion of the phrase. This produces a dangling modifier . Glance at the example that is following

Running over the parking area, my breathing expanded shallow and ragged.

In this phrase, running throughout the parking great deal generally seems to change my breathing. Since breath cannot jog, the phrase must be rewritten so your topic is positioned right after the modifier or put into the dangling expression.

Running over the parking area, we felt my breath grow ragged and shallow.

Joining Modifier

Some sentences may be combined making use of an – ed verb type— stopped, finished, played. To make use of this technique, among the sentences must include a form of become as an assisting verb besides the – ed form that is verb. Have a look at the following example:

Initial sentences: The Jones household had been delayed by way of a traffic jam. They arrived a long time after the party began.

Revised sentence: Delayed by way of a traffic jam, the Jones family arrived a long time after the celebration began.

Within the initial version, had been will act as a helping verb —it does not have any meaning on it’s own, nonetheless it acts a grammatical function by putting the primary verb ( delayed) when you look at the perfect tense.

For connecting two sentences having an – ed modifier, drop the helping verb ( ended up being) while the topic ( the Jones family members) through the phrase with an – ed verb type. This kinds a modifying expression ( delayed by way of a traffic jam) which can be put into the start or end associated with other phrase relating to which fits most readily useful. Just like the – ing modifier, be mindful to position the term that the expression modifies soon after the expression to prevent a modifier that is dangling.

Making use of ing that is – ed modifiers might help streamline your writing by drawing apparent connections between two sentences. Take a good look at just exactly exactly how Naomi might make use of modifiers in her own paragraph.

The revised form of the essay uses the – ing modifier opting to draw a match up between your government’s choice to bail the banks out and also the results of that decision—the purchase regarding the mortgage-backed securities.

Joining >Another strategy that authors utilize to mix sentences would be to join them employing a clause that is relative. a general clause is a band of terms which contains an interest and a verb and defines a noun. Relative clauses work as adjectives by responding to questions such as which one? or the type? Relative clauses start with a pronoun that is relative such as for instance who, which, where, why, or whenever. See the examples that are following

Initial sentences: The handling director is going to the business week that is next. He lives in Seattle.

Revised phrase: The handling manager, whom lives in Seattle, is going to the business in a few days.

For connecting two sentences utilizing a member of family clause, replacement the topic of among the sentences ( he) for a family member pronoun ( whom). Thus giving that you general clause ( who lives in Seattle) that may be put beside the noun it defines ( the handling manager). Be sure to keep consitently the sentence you wish to stress because the clause that is main. For instance, reversing the clause that is main subordinate clause when you look at the preceding phrase emphasizes where in actuality the handling manager life, maybe not the fact he could be visiting the business.

Revised phrase: The handling manager, that is visiting the company in a few days, life in Seattle.

General clauses are a helpful method of supplying extra, nonessential information in a sentence. Have a look at exactly just how Naomi might include clauses that are relative her essay.

Notice the way the underlined general clauses can be removed from Naomi’s essay without changing this is associated with phrase.

To check on the punctuation of relative clauses, assess whether or otherwise not the clause could be removed from the phrase without changing its meaning. In the event that relative clause is maybe maybe not necessary to this is associated with the phrase, it must be positioned in commas. If the clause that is relative necessary to this is for the phrase, it doesn’t need commas around it.

Joining >An appositive is really topic generator rap term or band of words that describes or renames a noun or pronoun. Incorporating appositives into the writing is really a of good use method of combining sentences which are too quick and choppy. Have a look at the example that is following

Initial sentences: Harland Sanders began serving meals for hungry tourists in 1930. He could be Colonel Sanders or “the Colonel.”

Revised phrase: Harland Sanders, “the Colonel,” started serving meals for hungry tourists in 1930.

Into the revised phrase, “the Colonel” can be an appositive since it renames Harland Sanders. To mix two sentences utilizing an appositive, drop the niche and verb through the phrase that renames the noun and switch it in to a expression. Keep in mind that when you look at the past instance, the appositive lies right after the noun it defines. An appositive may anywhere be placed in a sentence, however it must come straight before or following the noun to which it relates:

Appositive after noun: Scott, a badly trained athlete, had not been likely to win the competition.

Appositive before noun: a badly trained athlete, Scott had not been anticipated to win the competition.

Unlike general clauses, appositives are often punctuated by way of a comma or a group commas. Take a good look at just how Naomi utilizes appositives to add extra facts in her essay.


All on your own sheet of paper, rewrite the after phrase pairs as one phrase utilizing the practices you’ve got discovered in this area.

  1. Baby sharks are known as pups. Pups are created in just one of three straight ways.
  2. The Pacific Ocean could be the world’s ocean that is largest. It stretches through the Arctic into the north to your Southern Ocean within the south.
  3. Michael Phelps won eight gold medals within the 2008 Olympics. He’s a champion swimmer.
  4. Ashley introduced her colleague Dan to her spouse, Jim. She speculated that each of them will have a complete great deal in keeping.
  5. Cacao is harvested by hand. It really is then offered to companies that are chocolate-processing the Coffee, glucose, and Cocoa Exchange.

Please share having a classmate and compare your answers.

Writing in the office

As well as varying phrase structure, start thinking about varying the sorts of sentences you might be making use of in a study or any other workplace document. Many sentences are declarative, however very carefully put concern, exclamation, or command can pique peers’ interest, even though the written content is fairly dry. That is amazing you may be composing a spending plan analysis. Starting a rhetorical question to your report, such as “Where is our cash going?” or “How can we increase product product sales?” encourages individuals to keep reading to find out of the answers. Even though they must be utilized sparingly in academic and expert writing, concerns or commands work well rhetorical products.